Adverse Childhood Experiences and Their Impact on Tribal Communities


This article explores the impact of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on the general population as well as within tribal communities.

Beginning with an exploration of ACEs and their impacts on the general population, this article then examines research on ACEs specific to the American Indian/Alaskan Native population and ends by describing strategies to strengthen protective factors that buffer against the impact of ACEs and reduce their deleterious long-term impacts on tribal communities, including substance abuse.

Peer-Based Recovery in Tribal Communities


Peer-based supports, tribal cultural practices, and other evidence-supported methods to promote recovery from substance use disorder are discussed.

Recovery from substance use disorders is a living reality in Native American communities across the United States. This webinar provides an overview of the recovery models and movements in Indian Country and presents three programs that use peer-based supports, tribal cultural practices, and other evidence-supported approaches to promote recovery, foster positive reentry, and enhance community resilience.  To view a PDF version of the slide deck from this webinar, click here.

Social-Emotional Development as a Key to Success


Social-emotional development is a process to acquire essential life skills focused on knowing yourself, knowing others, and achieving your goals.

This article includes the following topics:

  • What is social-emotional development?
  • What is the relevance of social-emotional skill development for a tribal population?
  • What are the specific skills?
  • How do we support development of social-emotional skills?


Stress, Addiction, and Native Americans: A Pathway to Healthier Living


This article outlines ways to mitigate, embrace, and reduce stress and addresses implications of stress resiliency for tribal communities.

Stress is a major concern among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations because of the toll it takes on mental and physical health, as well as the strong relationship between stress and relapse into addictive behaviors. Indeed, chronic stress places AI/AN populations at higher risk for chronic disease, mental health disorders, and substance abuse than the general population. Further, susceptibility to chronic stress is exacerbated by issues such as adverse childhood experiences as well as those specific to tribal populations, such as historical trauma, political turmoil, and systemic injustice.

For Comprehensive Opioid, Stimulant, and Substance Abuse Program (COSSAP) grantees—and anyone else— working to address substance abuse in tribal areas, this article offers support to identify stress and anxiety and how they affect behavioral health outcomes in Native American populations while also offering ways to mitigate, handle, and even embrace stress.

The Opioid Epidemic in Indian Country: What Tribal Leaders in Arizona Need to Know


This report was developed in response to the persistent opioid crisis in Indian Country and the tragic rising of opioid overdoses/deaths in Arizona.

The Inter Tribal Council of Arizona, Inc. (ITCA) Tribal Epidemiology Center (TEC) compiled background data to describe the epidemic in Indian Country using a variety of Arizona state data sources. This White Paper highlights important areas of concern related to the opioid epidemic, including policy and litigation that may impact Tribes in Arizona.

The views and opinions expressed in this resource are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the National Criminal Justice Training Center (NCJTC) at Fox Valley Technical College. Further, NCJTC does not support or promote an official position on the litigation referenced in this document.